Every nation has one primary agenda: to maintain a strong and well equipped military for the defense of its people from enemies.
Thanks to the leaps scientific technology is making, many new and powerful military weapons are now possible. It has contributed to
strengthen and enhance the entire defense system. However, not every country has equal access to all these resources. Consequently, some are more power than the others. U.S. and China are two mighty word powers, and they often considered as arch rivals. So, let us have a look at a detailed comparison of the military power of U.S. and China based on certain essential factors:
The U.S. Military has chiefly five branches, namely U.S. Army, U.S. Navy, U.S. Air Force, U.S. Marine Corps and U.S. Coast Guard. On the other hand, China has also five military branches, namely the People’s Liberation Army (Ground Forces, Navy, Air Force and Second Artillery Corps), People’s Armed Police and PLA Reserve Force.
Military Service Age and Obligation:
The age for voluntary military service in the U.S. Military is 18 years. There is no conscription. The service obligation is of 8 years. The prohibitions that restrict women from getting assigned to units smaller than brigades and near combat unit are now being eliminated. On the other hand, for Military of China, the age for selective compulsory military service is 18 to 24 years with an obligation of 2 year service. The age criterion is 18 to 19 years for women high school graduates who fulfill the requirement for certain military jobs. Women are allowed in combat roles.
Manpower for Military Service:
The male and female manpower fit for military service is 60,620,143 and 59,401,941, respectively. Annually, about 2,161,727 males and 2,055,685 females reach military significant age. However, currently the active military personnel in US military are over 14.30 lakh. On the other hand in China, male and female manpower fit for military service is 318,265,016 and 300,323,611, respectively. Annually, about 10,406,544 males and 9,131,990 females reach military significant age. However, currently the active military personnel in Chinese military are over 22.85 lakh.
The U.S. Army has tank strength of 8,325, AFV(Armored Fighting Vehicle) strength of 25,782, SPG(self-propelled gun) strength of 1,934, MLRS(Rocket Projectors) strength of 1,330 and towed artillery strength of 1,791. On the other hand, Chinese Army has tank strength of 9,150, AFV(Armored Fighting Vehicle) strength of 4,788, SPG(self-propelled gun) strength of 1,710, MLRS(Rocket Projectors) strength of 1,770 and towed artillery strength of 6,246.
The U.S. Air Force has 13,683 aircrafts with 6,012 helicopters, 914 attack helicopters, 2,601 attack fixed wing aircrafts, 2,271 fighter aircrafts, 2,745 trainer aircrafts and 5,222 transport aircrafts. On the other hand, China’s Air Force has 2,788 aircrafts with 856 helicopters, 122 attack helicopters, 885 attack fixed wing aircrafts, 1,170 fighter aircrafts, 380 trainer aircrafts and 762 transport aircrafts.
The U.S. Navy has Merchant Marine Strength of 393, fleet strength of 473, 10 aircraft carriers, 72 submarines, 15 frigates, 62 destroyers, 13 mine warfare crafts, and 13 patrol crafts. On the other hand, China’s navy consist of Merchant Marine Strength of 2,030, fleet strength of 520, 1 aircraft carrier, 69 submarines, 45 frigates, 24 destroyers, 119 mine warfare crafts, and 353 patrol crafts.
The U.S. military has a strategic nuclear force that consists of 7,700 stockpiled nuclear warheads. On the other hand, Chinese military has a nuclear force that consists of 200 to 400 active nuclear warheads which is quite less in comparison.
Expenditure on Military:
The percent of GDP spent by U.S. on its military expenditures has been 4.35%, 4.75% and 4.35% in the years 2010, 2011 and 2012, respectively. The percent of GDP spent by China on its military expenditures has been 1.99%, 2% and 1.99% in the years 2010, 2011 and 2012, respectively.