SWOT Analysis of Modi Government: Can he deliver?

SWOT analysis basically focuses on the four primary aspects Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats. This form of analysis presents a global and wholesome picture reflecting on both, the positive as well as the negative side. The strengths and weaknesses focuses on the internal aspects of the subject of analysis. On the other hand, opportunities and threats reflect the external aspects.

Narendra Modi has been sworn as the new Prime Minister of India. He has come at a very crucial phase when Indians are looking for and demanding a radical change in the political scenario. A lot is being expected and it is vital for the Modi Government to live up to it. Everyone is talking about him. So, let us do a SWOT Analysis of the Modi Government to determine whether he can deliver what he promised to the Indian masses:


One of the greatest strengths of the Modi Government is that it is united under a leader that has an emphatic popular mandate. Also, since it is a trimmed cabinet, the chances of policy paralysis will be reduced. It will also make the decision making process faster. Another strength is that they have opted for merit as the criteria for selection over dynasty and coalition compulsions. As a leader, Modi’s biggest strength is that he is an economic pragmatist. He has shown great record of getting things accomplished. His Gujarat model of development and Vibrant Gujarat are the examples of the same. He is known for his abilities to DE-bottleneck issues with relative ease and quickness to get things done. NarendraModi is regarded as a very responsive leader. Unlike UPA, Modi-led NDA has come to the task with a ‘Say No To’ approach towards crony capitalism and nepotism, making the Indian political structure more transparent.

By inviting SAARC leaders to his swearing-in ceremony, NaMo has shown his intentions of reshaping India’s foreign policy which had witnessed a staunch blow during UPA regime.


Some of the weaknesses of the Modi Government are that there are about 9 cabinet members who do not have any prior ministerial experience. Also, some of the top ministers are not technocrats with experience. They are just political heavyweights. Moreover, there are many states that are not represented or underrepresented in the Modi Government’s cabinet. Modi’s history, 2002 riots and his unshakable affiliation to saffron color may not go down well with some people. Although he has detached himself from hindutava.


The biggest opportunity that has already benefited Modi is the anti-Congress wave that was going on across the nation. On a serious note, there are some opportunities for the Modi Government to take an advantage of. They can find a proper solution to Kashmir problem, revive economy, since they are independent to take decision and donot have pressure of coalition partners since they have clear mojority. They have a chance to bring about the end of competing ministries thereby bring them together to work unitedly under the government. They can also end the competing power centers which will result in improved and enhance delivery. Modi Government can also explore the opportunity of empowering bureaucrats and reducing the involvement of Ministers in the affairs of bureaucrats. It may assign more responsibility on MoS for executive decisions. Modi can also decide to explore the opportunity of infusing technology in governance. He is also planning to work towards enhancing the infrastructure of the country which is presently a bid deficit. Though the task requires a lot of painstaking hard work, Modi is known for being a task master.


However, there are a few threats as well. Firstly, the Modi Government has to deliver up to the big promises it has made and the great expectations that the people have from them.It has less no of seats in Rajya Sabha, so it may face difficulty in getting pass some of key bills. Economy is not doing good right now, some tough decisions need to be taken which might backfire. The implementation of their ideas and promises may get affected by the fact that certain party members do not have governance experience. Moreover, the plans of ministerial revamp may lead to jurisdictional confusion at least for a short time period. The assertive judiciary and fractious legislature will also come up as main challenges. Funds can also come across as a big challenge. Modi is focusing on some very radical ideas and changes which will require a lot of funding.

Though some people may feel a bit wary because of his history or perhaps because of the color to which he is affiliated, there is no doubt that is administration is worthy of praise.He has quite a good track record in Gujarat. He has brought the state of Gujarat to a completely new pedestal. It remains to be seen what he can do towards the nation. Indians are very hopeful of a positive change. Let us see with time how Mr. Narendra Modi fairs as the 15th Prime Minister of India.

  • Naitik

    PM Modi has put India on the world economic map , great work by PM .