One of the most important agenda on very country’s list of priorities is to maintain a strong, well trained and masochistically equipped
military at its dispense. It is a crucial factor in protecting a nation and its people against enemy forces. Now that advanced scientific technology is being employed in defense sector, different countries have strengthened their military significantly. Nonetheless, every nation does not enjoy equal access to different military weapons and technologies. This is where power comparison begins. Two countries that have been widely compared against one another in terms of their military power are U.S. and Russia. So, let us have a look at a detailed comparison of the military strength of U.S. and Russia based on certain essential factors:
The U.S. Military has chiefly five branches, namely U.S. Army, U.S. Navy, U.S. Air Force, U.S. Marine Corps and U.S. Coast Guard. On the other hand, Russia has six military branches, namely the Ground Troops, Air Force, Navy, Missile Troops of Strategic Purpose, Airborne Troops and Aerospace Defense Troops.
Military Service Age and Obligation:
The age for voluntary military service in the U.S. Military is 18 years. There is no conscription. The service obligation is of 8 years. The prohibitions that restrict women from getting assigned to units smaller than brigades and near combat unit are now being eliminated. On the other hand, for Russian Military, the age for selective compulsory or voluntary military service is 18 to 27 years with an obligation of 1 year service. Only after 6 months of training, conscripts are allowed to enter the combat zone.
Manpower for Military Service:
The male and female manpower (within the age group of 16 to 49 years) available for military service in U.S. is 73,270,043 and 71,941,969, respectively as per the estimates made in year 2010. While the male and female manpower fit for military service is 60,620,143 and 59,401,941, respectively. Annually, about 2,161,727 males and 2,055,685 females reach military significant age. However, currently the active military personnel in US military are over 14.30 lakh. On the other hand, the male and female manpower (within the age group of 16 to 49 years) available for military service in Russia is 34,765,736 and 35,410,779, respectively as per the estimates made in year 2013. While the male and female manpower fit for military service is 22,597,782 and 23,017,006, respectively. Annually, about 696,768 males and 664,847 females reach military significant age. However, currently the active military personnel in Russian military are over 7.66 lakh.
The U.S. Army has tank strength of 8,325, AFV strength of 25,782, SPG strength of 1,934, MLRS strength of 1,330 and towed artillery strength of 1,791. On the other hand, Russian Army has tank strength of 15,500, AFV strength of 27,607, SPG strength of 5,990, MLRS strength of 3,781 and towed artillery strength of 4,625.
The U.S. Air Force has 13,683 aircrafts with 6,012 helicopters, 914 attack helicopters, 2,601 attack fixed wing aircrafts, 2,271 fighter aircrafts, 2,745 trainer aircrafts and 5,222 transport aircrafts. On the other hand, Russian Air Force has 3,082 aircrafts with 973 helicopters, 114 attack helicopters, 1,289 attack fixed wing aircrafts, 736 fighter aircrafts, 303 trainer aircrafts and 730 transport aircrafts.
The U.S. Navy has Merchant Marine Strength of 393, fleet strength of 473, 10 aircraft carriers, 72 submarines, 15 frigates, 62 destroyers, 13 mine warfare crafts, and 13 patrol crafts. On the other hand, the navy of Russia consist of Merchant Marine Strength of 1,143, fleet strength of 352, 1 aircraft carrier, 63 submarines, 4 frigates, 13 destroyers, 34 mine warfare crafts, and 65 patrol crafts.
The U.S. military has a strategic nuclear force that consists of 7,700 stockpiled nuclear warheads. On the other hand, Russian military has a nuclear force that consists of 8,500 active nuclear warheads which is more than what U.S. possess.
Expenditure on Military:
The percent of GDP spent by U.S. on its military expenditures has been 4.35%, 4.75% and 4.35% in the years 2010, 2011 and 2012, respectively. The percent of GDP spent by Russia on its military expenditures has been 4.47%, 4.13% and 4.47% in the years 2010, 2011 and 2012, respectively.