Military power of a country has long being assessed to play a vital role in deciding how strong and capable the nation is. With different nations trying and testing different means to improve and expand their militaries, there is a constant comparison being drawn between various countries. Two such nations that have always been compared in terms of their military strength and force are India and Pakistan. So, let us have a look at a detailed comparison of the military power of India and Pakistan based on certain essential factors:
There are four branches in the Indian Military, namely Army, Navy (along with naval air arm), Air Force and the Coast Guard. On the other hand, Pakistani Military has three branches, namely Army (along with National Guard), Navy (along with Marines and Maritime Security Agency) and Air Force.
Military Service Age and Obligation
The voluntary military service age is 16 to 18 years for the Indian Military and there is no conscription. The women can join military as officers but only in roles that do not demand combat. On the other hand, the voluntary military service age is 16 to 23 years for the Pakistani Military but soldiers below the age of 18 can’t be deployed for combat. Their Air Force make recruitments for aviation technicians at the age of 15. The service obligation in Pakistani navy is 10 to 18 years. Also, Pakistani military has inducted their first female sailors and pilots. One retires from the Pakistani military after a service of 18 to 30 years or at age 40 to 52.
Manpower for Military Service
The available male and female manpower fit for military service is 249,531,562 and 240,039,958, respectively in India. Annually, about 12,151,065 males and 10,745,891 females reach military significant age. The currently active military personnel in Indian military are over 13.25 lakh. On the other hand, in Pakistan the male and female manpower fit for military service is 37,945,440 and 37,381,549, respectively. Annually, about 2,237,723 males and 2,104,906 females reach military significant age. The currently active military personnel in Pakistan military are over 6.17 lakh.
The Indian Air Force is the fourth largest air force in the world with about 3,382 aircrafts out of which 1,330 are combat aircrafts. Strike fighters in the military include French and Russian aircrafts such as Dassault Mirage 2000, Mikoyan, MiG-29 and Sukohi Su-30. On the other hand, the Pakistan Air Force consists of 530 combat aircrafts. Its strike fighters consists of French, US and Chinese aircrafts such as Dassault Mirage ROSE-III, F-16 Fighting Falcon and JF-17 Thunder.
The Indian Military has the world’s 8th largest navy. The fleet consists of 145 vessels that includes advanced submarines, missile-capable warships, aircraft carrier, mine sweepers and the latest naval aircraft. The Indian Navy is adept in both rescue operations as well as combat during peace and wartime. On the other hand, Pakistan’s navy consist of a fleet of more than 45 vessels. It includes mine warfare boats, frigates, sub marines, patrol and destroyers.
The Indian military has a strategic nuclear force that consists of 70 to 100 stockpiled nuclear warheads. On the other hand, Pakistani military has a nuclear force that consists of 30 to 40 active nuclear warheads that is roughly half in comparison. Moreover, Indian military’s most powerful warhead has been tested to yield 0.05 megatons which is double in comparison to Pakistan military’s most powerful warhead that was able to yield .025 megatons.
Expenditure on Military
The percent of GDP spent by India on its military expenditures has been 2.43%, 2.58% and 2.43% in the years 2010, 2011 and 2012, respectively. The percent of GDP spent by Pakistan on its military expenditures has been 3.04%, 3.13% and 3.04% in the years 2010, 2011 and 2012, respectively.