“So leaving for the trip for Chhattisgarh tonight”, Asked the sales expert to Rajiv and he replied, “No, not tonight that ticket has been cancelled, I am planning to go tomorrow morning.”, “Okay, but we would have preferred it if you could leave in the night as you will be able to save a lot of time.” Rajiv said,” It’s late better than sorry and my life is more precious to me. You know about the terror of the naxalites in that area and there has already been a train accident few days back. I am surely not going to be the one to risk it. Our security rests in our hands and the government that is the dynastic successions of their great forefathers will never be able to understand the situation of the common man.
The Question Arise:
Now wasn’t that true just think whenever you wanted to travel to areas like Chhattisgarh, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh or the northeastern states of India, haven’t you given a thought to the nonstop naxalite terrorism that happens in those places. Haven’t you thought that it is better to go either through air transport rather than the railways and if railways then it are better to go in the rail transport? But does this really mean that we are afraid of these naxalites and that these naxal wadis can scare us out and control us? Then aren’t we losing our control on ourselves and aren’t we letting the terrorist and Maoists group control us and our moves by influencing our peaceful way of life? This means that this can be a big issue and these terrorists may also in future try to rule us in every aspect of our lives and as we are slowly getting under their influence and control they may be able to take over the control of certain areas and then the national security will be under threat. Lets understand the history and present situations of the Naxalite movements in India.
THE NAXALITE MOVEMENT IN INDIA: HISTORICAL ASPECT:
The increasing differences between China and Soviet Union during the cold war resulted in a split forming Communist Movement all over the World and hence this emerged the Naxalite movement in India as well. The naxal wadis are the followers of Maoism and the basic ideology of the movement in India was to launch a movement against the rich and powerful people who exploited the oppressed classes.
In 1967, The Communist party of India agreed to contest elections to form a coalition government in Bengal. But this fired a group of party activists and their leaders Charu Majumdar and Kanu Sanyal created a violent uprising against the leadership of the party.
This was triggered off in Naxalbari, a village in West Bengal and the term “Naxal” comes from this village.
Majumdar followed the teachings of Mao Zedong, a Chinese leader. Hence, he made the Indian farmers and lower classes to make an attempt to overthrow the people responsible for their plight: the government. In 1967, the naxalites parted ways from the CPI and later re emerged as CPI-M.
The Maoists and Naxalites are found in association with China, ISI and the LeT. These organizations and China, provides these internal security disturbers of India weapons and arms. The head of the People’s Liberation army named Irengbam Chaoren is hiding in China. ISI funds the People’s Liberation Army by providing them arms and they provide these to the Maoists in India.
So, they are not only nationally but internationally too a threat for India.
Also, we must remember that they have a lot of powerful weapons and enormous amount of armed forces available with them.
So, we need to logically think in all aspects how to accommodate this group of our society who are not very fond of the government and have their own demands.
PRESENT SITUATIONS OF THE NAXALITE MOVEMENT:
- 1. On the 6th of April in 2010, the most deadly assault in history of Naxalites was launched by Naxal-wadis in the remote jungles in the Dantewada district of Chhattisgarh. They killed 76 security personnel and the attack was well planned by around 1000 Naxal wadis.
- 2. On 17th May, 2010 naxal wadis attacked a bus travelling on the Dantewada-Sukhma road in the interiors of Chhattisgarh. They killed about 15 policemen and a score of civilians.
- 3. On 29th June, 26 personnel of CRPF in the Narayanpur district of Chhattisgarh were killed in a naxalite attack.
- 4. The death of Kishenji in 2011 by an encounter, gave a huge blow to the Movement of Naxalites in East India.
- 5. In March 2012, Maoists kidnapped two Italians in Orissa.
- 6. 12 CRPF personnel were killed in a landmine blast triggered by Naxalites of the Gadchiroli district on 27th March, 2012.
Solutions need to be decided by the security forces of India and the government by working out an effective and quick plan to drive these forces out and also to reduce their violent influence on civilians. There can be negotiations with naxalite groups by the government by to bring them to mainstream. The development, education and employment can help to bring them in construction of nation. But if they don’t listen and act as enemies to the nation by favoring foreign terrorist groups, then strict actions should be taken, otherwise situation would be out of control.