80% of fresh graduates from engineering colleges in India are unemployable, says the Aspiring Minds National Employability Report, which based its study on over 1,50,000 engineering graduates from 650 colleges . As per the As per the report, Delhi chunks out maximum number of engineers who are fit for employment in the industry, followed closely by Bengaluru and other western parts of India. Kerala and Odisha are present in the top 25 percentile list to be the most employable states whereas the Punjab came down at 2nd quartile and Uttarakhand at 3rd quartile. Also, men and women are equally employable as per the report. This means there is no gender bias in the roles related to engineering.
Nonetheless, females are ore drawn towards profiles such as non-IT, content developer, associate BPO or ITES and sales engineer. As opposed to popular belief, engineers passing out of tier-III cities should not be altogether neglected as they can easily fit the entry level profiles in various IT services organizations.
Statistics related to Unemployment
Talking about the quality of the fresh graduate engineers, where 97% of the engineers wish for a job in the core or software engineering, out of them just 3% are skilled enough to be employed in profiles related to software or product engineering. 7% are able to handle profiles related to core engineering. Due to poor English skills, 11% of the engineers are able to get jobs in the knowledge-intensive industries. Another reason for this low percentage is that most of them lack quantitative or analytical skills.
Tier-III college graduates earn Rs. 66,000 p.a. less as compared to a student having equal merit from an institute of tier-I category. As per the findings of the Ministry of Human Resource Development, India has 6,214 engineering and technology colleges/institutions, where 2.9 million students are enrolled.
According to the analysis done by the Aspiring Minds, majorly the engineers are employed in networking and hardware profiles. While around 90% of the engineering graduates wish for jobs in civil engineering, mechanical and electronics/electrical, only 7.49% are lucky to fit such profiles. Around 53% of the engineers prefer software related profiles, whereas core engineering jobs are preferred by 44% engineers.
A deeper analysis of the employability scenario of the engineers show, that 39.84% of the engineers go for BPO/ITES sector, whereas 35.37% go for Hardware and Networking jobs. 18.43% get jobs in the profile of Software Engineer under the IT services wing and a mere 3.21% go for the profile of Software engineering under IT product wing. Further, 16.54% o the engineers get interested in the tasks of non-IT sales engineering and 7.49% in non-IT design engineering. Also, 11.53% engineers are employable in KPO sector as Business Analyst, 15.36% choose the profile of Creative Content Developer and 10.81% go towards Technical Content Development.
As far as location is concerned, tier-I cities such as Bengaluru, Hyderabad and Mumbai produce job-ready engineers to the extent of 18.26% of the software engineers. Tier-II cities such as Surat, Pune and Nagpur deliver 14.17% of the engineers who are employable.
Major Reasons of this Unemploybility
As per various reports and surveys, the major reason cited behind unemployment of Engineers across India is the skill gap. This, once again, raises questions on the lagging education system in our country, where corporate are not ready to employ fresh graduates from various tier II and III engineering colleges as they don’t find them skilled enough to fit in the industry. The core focus of the Indian education system has always been on theoretical concepts instead of merging it with the practical training aspect as well.
Practical and Theoretical knowledge
Another main reason for diminished job prospects is that students are not able to prepare adequately as per the desired domain area, in the sense that they do not apply fundamental principles with that of the real and practical world situations. Although, these basic concepts are present in the curriculum of the college students, there remains a gap between the teaching and grasping levels.
Further cause of the issue seems to be the present hiring practices at the entry level positions. Also, companies majorly focus on recruiting students from high-ranking institutions and colleges, which takes away the opportunity of getting good jobs from the meritorious students from the not-so-good institutions. This perception needs to be changed and the core focus during the hiring process should be on the skills and knowledge of a candidate instead of their past institutions or college.
The crux part is that a high percentage of fresh engineers do not get any job opportunity which is a disturbing drift for the higher education scene in India.