Our preamble of the Indian Constitution says, that India is “sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic, republic” then how can the caste system prevail and consequently reservations? Today, this evil system persists and plays a vital role in the society as the major weapon for vote bank politics.
The whole perspective of Mandal commission regarding reservations are gradually being extended and expanded to sections of people, demanding reservations within reservations, in State and Central jobs.The initial condition of reservation was acceptable since at the time of independence these SC/ST communities were weaker and exploited, but after so many years of Independence the same criteria of cast does not make sense. This just been used as political puppet.
Reservation in Jobs and education on what basis ?
Recently Reservation in Govt. jobs Promotions bill was introduced for SC/ST people. This is another example of third class politics to divide people based upon caste. Where certain people are given benefits based upon caste not their economic conditions. A question arise if person belonging to SC/ST have good economic condition then why he/she should be given reservation and that even promotions. What impact it would have on public sector services which are already working on the pace of tortoise. Then how can we expect a country like India to grow fast. Earlier we had seen the agitation of the Gujjar’s and Jat’s demanding reservations. The agitators have found a simple way to force the attention of political leaders and the concerned Government, by affecting the rail movement. Consciously, they try to influence the economy of the country.
Why Reservation based upon caste not economic conditions?
First thing is should there be reservation at all? To answer this we may say that for a developing country like India, instead of reservation we should spend on education and provide equal opportunities to weaker sections of society without compromising country’s development. And if you wan to give special preference to weaker section then this division should be based upon income and financial condition, that does make some sense. But providing reservation based upon caste seems to be illogical.
Does this means all poor people belongs to SC/ST? then what the benefit of reservation that was given to them since Independence isn’t there no improvement. This isn’t true poverty has nothing to do with caste at-least after more than 60 years of independence and in 20th century. This division is totally wrong and is being exploited by politician to their personnel benefits.
The Dirty politics of votes: “Divide and rule”
Rather that doing something better like providing quality education or building infrastructure they are bullying on these backward tactics of “Divide and rule”.Many political parties are watching and contemplating to encash this casteism with a political motive.It is ridiculous that the political parties involved in exploiting casteism in the reservation scheme. While evaluating the political situation in UP, it is observed that, although Mayawati Government is for the Dalit, only a few sections of SC and ST has the high handed opportunity. In UP the Schedule Tribes are negligible in count, thus the larger benefit is being enjoyed by a selected section of Schedule Castes.
Apart from politics, other issue like reservations in education and in best jobs is also becoming controversial, each day. The major stress in education is to help prevent the socio-economic disparity among various societies by reservations in different stages and faculties. The law of the land allows 7.5% reservation for ST, a staggering 15% for SC and another 27% for OBC, in higher education alone. Government is spending crores to uplift them, but the blossoming result is yet to be seen. A very delicate situation is observed these days among the reserved and scheduled groups, with their caste and creed notions. They are becoming increasingly demanding, which may have a negative consequence, when the so-called majority group will be devoid of its proportional benefit. Is it not proper to have an audit on the reservation policy for examining the expenses, implementation and benefits, that has been achieved by various Governments, after so many years of Independence?
There are few questions that come to the mind: Was the reservation system necessary after a certain period of Independence? Has the country been benefited by such scheme? Is it not a fact that the political parties are exploiting the sentiment of people by instigating casteism? I fail to understand when our preamble of the Indian Constitution says, that India is “sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic, republic” how can the caste system prevail and consequently reservations? It is purely for political mileage.
Verdict: Reservation if any should be based upon financial grounds not on the basis of caste.